benefits of broccoli
Broccoli is a kind of herbaceous plant. After cabbage mutates, it becomes broccoli. The leaves of broccoli are relatively large, and there are some relatively large green bulbs on the top of its stem. There are some small flower buds clustered together on its surface. It does not seem to be dense. The origin of broccoli is Italy. There is a name called green cauliflower. The origin of this name is also related to its color. Broccoli does look green.
The nutritional value of broccoli
In addition, broccoli is more comprehensive in mineral content than other vegetables. The content of calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, zinc, manganese, etc. is very rich, which is much higher than that of cabbage flowers that belong to the Ruciferous plant.
Many people think that tomatoes and peppers are the most vitamin C-rich vegetables. In fact, the vitamin C content of broccoli is higher than them, and it is also significantly higher than other ordinary vegetables. Moreover, broccoli has a very complete variety of vitamins, especially the rich content of folic acid, which is an important reason why its nutritional value is higher than that of ordinary vegetables.
The vitamin K in broccoli can maintain the toughness of blood vessels and is not easy to rupture. Some people’s skin will turn blue and purple once it receives a small bump or injury, this is because of the lack of vitamin K in the body. The best way to supplement is to eat more broccoli.
2. Vitamin C
Cauliflower has a very high vitamin C content, which is not only beneficial to human growth and development, but more importantly, it can improve human immune function, promote liver detoxification, enhance human physique, increase disease resistance, and improve human immune function.
The high content of vitamin C has a strong effect on scavenging free radicals, especially for the formation of carcinogens-nitrite amines.
Especially in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer and breast cancer, the effect is particularly good. Studies have shown that the level of serum selenium in humans is significantly reduced when suffering from gastric cancer, and the concentration of vitamin C in gastric juice is also significantly lower than that of normal people.
The selenium and vitamin C can also supply abundant carotene, which can prevent the formation of precancerous cells and inhibit the growth of cancer.
Studies have shown that an enzyme extracted from cauliflower can prevent cancer. This substance is called Sulforaphane, which can increase the activity of carcinogen detoxification enzymes;
Broccoli contains a lot of “magic element”-selenium, which was selected as one of the top ten healthy foods by “Time” magazine. Selenium has the functions of anti-cancer, anti-aging, strengthening immunity, and promoting the growth and development of children. It also helps prevent adult diseases such as high blood pressure and heart disease.
5. Dithiophenol thioketone
Broccoli also contains thiophenol thioketone, which can reduce the enzymes that form melanin and prevent the formation of skin pigment spots. Regular consumption can be smooth and appetizing and has a good whitening effect on the skin.
The flavonoids contained in cauliflower can reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.
7. Sulforaphane substances
Studies have shown that a substance called sulforaphane (Glucosinolates) contained in broccoli has a strong anti-cancer effect, especially for breast cancer, rectal cancer, and gastric cancer. Scientists have extracted this substance from broccoli for cancer prevention and adjuvant treatment.
8. A variety of indole derivatives
According to research by American nutritionists, there are many indole derivatives in broccoli. This compound has the effect of reducing the level of estrogen in the human body and can prevent the occurrence of breast cancer.
9. Ascorbic acid
Broccoli is also rich in ascorbic acid, which can enhance the liver’s detoxification ability and improve the body’s immunity.
Broccoli contains the antioxidant isothiocyanate, which can protect the eyes from the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
Glucosinolates are only found in large amounts in broccoli. They can help break down fats in the body and prevent them from clogging the arteries. It is believed to have a certain effect on preventing heart disease and some cancers.
Studies have found that when people are highly excited, their memory is strongest. Acetylcholine in the brain is the key substance that can stimulate the excitement of brain cells. But as we age, the acetylcholine in the brain will continue to decrease.
Broccoli also contains precious nutrients such as unique folic acid and amino acids.
Calories of broccoli
The calorie of broccoli (calculated based on 100 grams of edible portion) is about 33 calories (138 kJ). The calories per 100 grams of broccoli account for about 1% of the total calories that an average adult needs to keep healthy every day recommended by the American Academy of Nutrition.
Because broccoli has a water content of more than 90% and contains low calories, it can fill your stomach without making you fat for people who want to lose weight.
The efficacy and role of broccoli
Broccoli is cool in nature and sweet in taste; it can invigorate the kidney and essence, invigorate the brain and strengthen the bones, invigorate the spleen and stomach; cure symptoms such as chronic physical weakness, weakness of limbs, tinnitus, and forgetfulness, weakness of the spleen and stomach, and growth retardation in children.
According to reports from the American Cancer Society, among many fruits and vegetables, cauliflower and Chinese cabbage have the best anti-cancer effects.
The American “Nutrition” magazine also published the research results that broccoli can effectively prevent prostate cancer.
The latest research by American scientists has found that a natural chemical rich in broccoli, a cruciferous plant, can kill breast cancer stem cells.
This discovery provides a new way to develop and prevent breast cancer drugs.
Clear blood vessels
In addition to preventing infections, flavonoids are also the best blood vessel clearing agent.
They can prevent cholesterol oxidation and prevent platelets from clumping, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Detoxify the liver
Rich in vitamin C content, cauliflower can enhance the liver’s detoxification ability, and can improve the body’s immunity, and can prevent the occurrence of colds and scurvy.
Fight against diabetes
Promote baby development
Beauty and youth
Auxiliary treatment of eye diseases
Good for the heart
Fight against Alzheimer’s
Therefore, it may become the key to conquering Alzheimer’s disease (Alzheimer’s disease).