What is Rosemary(Rosmarinus)

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This is Rosemary
This is Rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a shrub of Dicotyledon, Lamiaceae, and Rosemary.

Rosemary likes a warm climate, originating in Europe and the Mediterranean coast of northern Africa. There are applications in gardens and gardens.

From the flowers and leaves of rosemary, antioxidants, and rosemary essential oil with excellent antioxidant properties can be extracted.

Rosemary antioxidant. Widely used in the preservation of medicines, fried foods, oil-rich foods, and all kinds of fats;

Rosemary essence is used in daily chemical industries such as spices, air fresheners, and repellents, sterilization, and insecticide.

Characteristics of rosemary

Shrubs, up to 2 meters high. The stems and old branches are cylindrical, with the dark gray cortex, irregular longitudinal splits, and massive peeling. The young branches are quadrangular and densely covered with white star-shaped fine hairs.

Leaves are often clumped on branches, with a very short stalk or sessile, linear blades, 1-2.5 cm long, 1-2 mm wide, blunt apex, tapered at the base, entire, curled to the back, leathery, slightly above Glossy, nearly glabrous, densely covered with white star-like hairs underneath.

The flowers are nearly sessile, opposite, and a few gathered at the top of short branches to form racemes;

Bracts are small and stalked. The calyx is ovate and bell-shaped, about 4 mm long, densely covered with white stellate villi and glands on the outside, glabrous on the inside, 11 veins, two-lipped, upper lip sub-round, entire or short with 3 teeth, lower lip 2 teeth, oval triangular teeth.

Corolla blue-purple, less than 1 cm long, outer sparse pubescent, inner surface glabrous, crown tube slightly extended, crown eaves two-lipped, upper lip straight, 2-lobed, lobes ovoid, lower lip broad, 3-lobed, The middle lobes are the largest, concave, downwardly inclined, with tooth-like edges, the base constricted into a shank, and the side lobes are oblong.

Two stamens are developed and are born under the lower lip of the corolla. There is a small tooth in the middle of the filament. The medicine chambers are parallel, and only one chamber is fertile.

Style is slender, far exceeding stamens, the apex is not equal to 2 lobed, lobes subulate, posterior lobes short. Faceplate flat top, with equal lobes.

Ovary lobes alternate with disk lobes. Flowering in November.

The growth habit of rosemary

Rosemary likes a warm climate, but it grows slowly in the high-temperature period on flat land in Taiwan. The temperature without cold currents in winter is more suitable for its growth. In terms of water supply, the rosemary leaves are leathery and more drought-tolerant.

Therefore, the soil for planting is better Rich in the sand, good drainage is more conducive to growth and development. It is worth noting that rosemary grows slowly, so its regeneration ability is not strong.

The origin of rosemary

It is native to Europe and the Mediterranean coast of North Africa and is mainly cultivated as a cash crop in southern Europe.

The main value of rosemary

Industrial value

Rosemary is a kind of precious natural spice plant, it will exude a delicate scent during the growing season, which has the effect of refreshing and refreshing. Its stems, leaves, and flowers have a pleasant fragrance. The aromatic oil extracted from the flowers and twigs can be used for the preparation of air cleaners, perfumes, soaps, and other cosmetic materials;

The most famous lotion is made with rosemary and can be used in beverages, skin oils, hair restorers, and laundry creams.

Medicinal value

Rosemary has sedative, soothing, and refreshing effects, and has certain effects on indigestion and stomachache. After smashing it, soak it in boiling water and drink it, 2-3 times a day, it can calm down and increase urination.

It can also be used to treat insomnia, heart palpitations, headaches, indigestion, and other diseases. External use can treat trauma and arthritis. It also strengthens the heart, promotes metabolism, and promotes blood circulation in peripheral blood vessels.

It also improves language, vision, and hearing barriers, enhances concentration, treats rheumatism, strengthens liver function, lowers blood sugar, helps in the treatment of arteriosclerosis, and helps paralyzed limbs to restore mobility.

Edible value

It has a strong astringent effect, regulates greasy skin, promotes blood circulation, and stimulates hair regeneration. Improve hair loss (pregnant women fasting).

Rosemary is a frequently used spice in daily restaurants, especially in steaks, potatoes, and other dishes and grilled products.

It is sweet with pine woody smell and flavor, strong fragrance and bitter in sweetness.

Rosemary facts

Memories

Rosemary is defined as a symbol of love, loyalty, and friendship, and its flower language is memories, to wipe away the sadness of memories “I will never forget the promise you gave me, please keep your love for me and miss me forever, Think about me”.

Commemorate

Italians will throw sprigs of rosemary into the grave of the dead at the funeral ceremony, representing the respect and remembrance of the dead.

In Victorian England, the flower language of rosemary has the meaning of commemoration, symbolizing long-lasting love, unswerving friendship, and eternal memory.

Legend

Rosemary has a strong fragrance. It is said that ancient Hungarian queens liked to bathe with rosemary and ancient people believed that it could strengthen memory, so it was also known as a sea lighthouse.

When the outgoing ship loses its way, the lost sailor can rely on this strong fragrance to find the location of the land.

Benefits of rosemary

Rosemary has sedative, soothing, and refreshing effects, and has certain effects on indigestion and stomachache.

Rosemary can be used to treat insomnia, heart palpitations, headaches, indigestion, and other diseases. External use can treat trauma and arthritis.

It also strengthens the heart, promotes metabolism, and promotes blood circulation in peripheral blood vessels.

It also improves language, vision, and hearing barriers, enhances concentration, treats rheumatism, strengthens liver function, lowers blood sugar, helps in the treatment of arteriosclerosis, and helps paralyzed limbs to restore mobility.

  1. It can enhance brain function, eliminate bloating, enhance memory, refresh yourself, relieve headache symptoms, improve hair loss, and reduce dandruff.
  2. It has the effect of stimulating the operation of the nervous system, improving the phenomenon of memory decline, helping to restore brain fatigue, and enhancing memory. It is also effective for hangovers, dizziness, and tension headaches.
  3. It has cosmetic effects. Regular drinking rosemary tea can reduce wrinkles and remove spots.
  4. Promote blood circulation, lower cholesterol, inhibit obesity, and have the effect of losing weight.

Title: What is Rosemary(Rosmarinus)
Source: ThumbGarden
Link: https://www.thumbgarden.com/what-is-rosemary/
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