I don’t familiar with rosemary very well before. I lacked experience and knowledge for how to propagate rosemary from cuttings wilted due to non-compliance with the rules of planting and care. For a while, I even refused to grow this useful plant.
One day, I was thinking of to challenge for growing rosemary at home. But why? Because the essential oil, which is part of the plant tissue, has a beneficial effect on the nervous system and suggests improving sleep patterns.
I decided to prepare thoroughly and collect all the necessary information. I cuttings some rosemary from friends who have been growing it for a long time.
WHAT IS ROSEMARY
This plant is known as a medicinal plant. Many people use it as a spice, as a plant that contains essential oils and purifies the air.
Because rosemary is very versatile and demanding, it can only be grown on Garden plots in southern regions, where it is hot.
In temperate regions, it is recommended to grow rosemary indoors. At the same time, you should avoid the main mistakes that many amateur flower growers make.
Naturally, rosemary can be found in the Mediterranean, North Africa, and Southern Europe. These regions are considered to be the birthplace of the plant.
Around the world, rosemary does not grow in natural conditions, it has been present in botanical gardens since 1813. As a cultivated plant, it can only be grown in suitable climates.
Rosemary has been widely known since ancient times. It was used by the ancient Romans, Egyptians, and Greeks as a medicinal plant and a primitive spice.
To this day, the amazing “herringbone” has been in demand and popular. Many people grow the lovely shrub as an ornamental plant with interesting needles and blue flowers.
Rosemary or common rosemary is a subshrub or shrub. They attribute him to the lambda family and the genus Rosemary.
The height of the bush can vary from half a meter to several meters. The branches have a pubescent surface and their structure is four-sided.
The leaves are linear, evergreen, located on very small buds. The upper part of the leaves is slightly rounded and dense and maybe slightly curled.
Flowering is expressed by almost sessile flowers, which form 5-10 pseudo-racemes. They are formed at the top of the branches. The outside of the corolla is pubescent, bluish-blue, with a purple tinge.
At the end of the flowering period, the fruit is formed – oval, with rounded edges, smooth surface, brownish, in the shape of a nut.
The flowering period begins in the second half of April and lasts until the middle of May. In hot countries, rosemary can bloom until November.
TECHNIQUES FOR GROWING ROSEMARY PLUGS
The main thing is to properly prepare to grow this herb, then maintain and care for the plant. After many years, it will please with fragrant and tender branches.
- You can go to a nursery or nursery where buds of about 10-12 cm (3.93-4.72inch) in length are made, preferably at the beginning of spring to make blanks. Harvest in autumn only in warm climate areas.
- Some people order cuttings online. Rosemary comes in many varieties with white-green foliage and can even be found with blue tones. The bushes can be lush, but there are also some bushes consisting of small buds and short shoots.
- If you plan to grow rosemary in the south, it can be planted all year round, except in winter. In mild climates, from the third decade of April to the beginning of March, you will need to prepare the grass cuttings for sowing. In this case, in late spring and early summer, you can plant grass in the open spaces on the site.
Important note: the plugs are taken only from the upper part of the buds, these are taken from the upper part of the buds of adult rosemary bushes.
PREPARING THE CUTTINGS
The most common mistake growers make is that the cuttings cannot be stored long enough to form rhizomes. Planting directly into the ground will result in the death of the buds. They do not take root.
- Prepare a container beforehand, you can use a container or a pot. Prepare the land as well. Most often, buy ready-made formula. But you can prepare the soil yourself.
- Take the following ingredients: hummus, black soil, river sand, and peat. Mix until smooth.
- It is necessary to remove the bottom leaves of rosemary and plant the cuttings in the prepared holes. Deepen the sprouts by 3-4cm (1.18-1.57inch).
- After sowing the seeds, the soil must be well moistened and then watered. Next, place the pot or container on a windowsill and wait for rooting in 4 to 6 weeks.
- It is very important to observe the watering rules. It is necessary to moisten the soil moderately, but usually at least 3-4 times a week. At the same time, do not pour in the soil and excess water should be drained from the tray immediately.
- After the specified time, the cuttings must be removed and transplanted into bare soil. It is important that the soil is warm. If you do not have a garden, you can plant rosemary on a balcony or cool porch. Plants actively recognize the day and night temperatures, they alternate.
There is another way to wait for the appearance of roots in the plugs. To constantly control the formation of roots, you can place the buds in a cup.
It must be changed at least once every 3 days. It is important to have enough light and warmth in the room for the sprouts.
Since rosemary is a capricious and demanding plant, you should carefully consider the composition of the soil.
It is highly recommended not to grow rosemary in dense, high soil, high clay, and high alkaline soil. Make sure to loosen the soil so that water does not remain in the roots.
It is important to maintain a balance and conserve water. Too much water can lead to crumb rot. Too much dry air and lack of moisture are also harmful to the plant.
WHEN TO PLANT
Rosemary can be planted at different times depending on climatic conditions. In the middle lane, the best temperature for sowing is between 5-10°C (41-50°F).
In the northern parts of the open zone, it is not advisable to plant this plant, because low temperatures and low falls will not allow the root system or branches to develop well. Grow only in greenhouses and hotbeds.
In central areas, plant rosemary bushes from the second half of April. If the temperature drops below -5, rosemary will die.
Therefore, in autumn and winter, the plant should be dug up and moved to a warmer place. In this way, the plant can grow for many years.
In the room where rosemary grows, the temperature should be around 5-15°C (41-59°F) and then the bush will grow and grow well.
This plant is very heat-loving and sensitive. Therefore, it is not suitable for northern or places with draughts or wind. Humid areas with standing water are also not suitable.
The most comfortable would be the east or south side of the plot, or a room that is not drafty, warm, and well-lit. Rosemary is negative to sudden changes in temperature.
It is also good if next to the place where it is planted, there will be a wall of structures or dense shrubs that will protect rosemary.
For the plant, the soil should be light, loose, airy, and well-drained. The root system needs enough oxygen.
And the soil should be well permeable to moisture. If the soil is very acidic, use lime. Spread a small amount of dolomite powder and lime.
Place a drainage layer at the bottom of each planting hole. You can buy clay minerals or other similar “loosening agents” at the store. You can use pebbles, gravel, or broken bricks.
- Prepare the seedlings well in advance with a minimum distance of 1 meter (3.2 feet) between them.
- Prepare a special nutrient-rich soil mixture for planting. Take the ratio of leaf soil, peat, and river sand. Mix together, adding 1 tablespoon of finely crushed chalk for every 1 kg of such soil.
- Bury the cuttings in the soil up to the bottom leaves. Next, you need to water the plants and cover them with polyethylene or film. 7 days should pass before removing the cover. During this time, the cuttings should take root and sprout.
Often a plant that has been growing for many years will have bare stems. Experienced growers are advised to remove all side shoots. This should be done no more than once every 7 years.
The first harvest is usually obtained 3 years after planting. Branches are cut off along with the bluebonnets. The twigs are cut off when the rosemary is in flower.
The shrub grows rather slowly and should reach a maximum height of about 90cm (35.4inch) in a pot. Repot each time in a larger pot.
HOW TO GROW ROSEMARY – METHOD
Rosemary is a perennial plant in the Juniperaceae family, densely covered with dark green needle-shaped leaves and delicate lilac flowers.
Rosmarinus means “freshness of the sea” in Latin. Rosemary has a pungent flavor with a hint of pine needles and is a spice used in cooking, and its essential oil extracted from the leaves is used in medicine, cosmetology, and aromatherapy.
Rosemary is native to the Mediterranean, but that doesn’t stop gardeners from growing rosemary in their yards for ornamental purposes.
HOW TO GROW ROSEMARY FROM CUTTINGS AT HOME?
Accustomed to growing in a humid and warm environment, the shrub is difficult to root in temperate climates, so planting and further growing rosemary from cuttings is the best option. Planted this way, it will grow faster and stronger.
HOW TO CUT ROSEMARY
Rosemary cuttings are stem tops cut from adult rosemary that are about 10cm (3.93inch) long and consist of 3-4 internodes. Growing rosemary cuttings at home take some time to form a root system.
Cuttings are planted in pots with a moist soil mixture of caraway, peat, mulch, and sand to a depth of 4cm (1.57inch) and are well watered.
The lower leaves are mandatory to be cut off. The container with the seedlings is placed inside the house on a warm windowsill on the sunny side. Periodically place the seedlings with the other side facing the sun.
Please note Water rosemary every other day to ensure it does not linger. 4-6 weeks later, it can be planted outdoors.
Rosemary prefers a light, sandy soil that is regularly loosened and weeded to prevent waterlogging. On acidic, alkaline, and oily soils, the shrubs do not develop well and will eventually die.
In southern regions, rosemary cuttings can be taken almost all year round, except in winter. In the middle belt areas, rosemary tops are cut at the end of September for root formation and potting in winter, and hardened seedlings are planted outdoors near summer.
HOW TO GROW ROSEMARY FROM TWIGS?
This planting method can be used in any warm season. Cut young shoots of 5-6cm (1.96-2.36inch) from an adult shrub and place them in a glass dish with water in a warm and bright place.
We recommend changing the water at least once every three days. Once rosemary has rooted, it can be transferred to a lighter soil, nutrient-rich pot.