Protecting cultivated plants from pests is one of the most important tasks facing gardeners and horticulturists. Often, preventive measures do not have the desired effect, and plants remain infested with insects. In some cases, insecticides are the only way to save the garden or vegetable garden, as the pest population grows like an avalanche. Many gardeners have a very negative attitude towards any chemical agents and use folk remedies, which often have no real effect. You will learn Pyrethrum Plant is a Natural Insecticide in the ThumbGarden article.
At the same time, there are natural pesticides that do not contradict the idea of “green farming”. One of them, Pyrethrum, is a very effective natural remedy.
What is the Secret of the Pyrethrum?
At a time when the chemical industry did not exist, people were forced to look for natural substances that could protect them from pests. The first thing to do was to get rid of the pesky pests on their bodies, in their clothes, or on the possessions they carried. It was then discovered that the inflorescence of the Pyrethrum not only repelled insects but also destroyed them. pyrethrum (which is the more common name for the plant) was rubbed on the body, clothing, travel bags, and other things that might harbor pests. Alexander the Great’s warriors, the Romans, and farmers in the Middle East and the Mediterranean found refuge from many pests and insect pests in this plant.
Later, Pyrethrum powder began a well-established trade, its main suppliers being Persian merchants. It began to be used not only for personal protection but also for getting rid of insects in houses and other buildings to protect products and natural materials.
Subsequently, synthetic substances with similar formulations were synthesized that were more effective than natural substances. However, even now, the popularity of natural Pyrethrum has not diminished due to its safety, rapid action, and the human desire for environmentally friendly food production.
Currently, most of the Pyrethrum is grown in Kenya on the African continent (70%), where Pyrethrum plantations are located in mountainous areas. The largest portion of the harvest is processed by the agrochemical company MGK (Minneapolis, Minnesota) to make a high-quality concentrate.
Pyrethrum Flowers in Action
It is obvious that the nervous system is the basis of every animal’s life activity, whether primitive or complex. All internal organs depend on their correct and proper functioning. If the transmission of impulses from nerve endings is disturbed, the animal loses the ability to move, it’s respiratory and circulatory systems “shut down” and the result is death. This is the basis of the Pyrethrum’s action as a neurotoxin.
The stages of its action on insects.
- Contact with the insecticide.
- Entry into the body.
- Increased activity and impaired motor function.
These stages pass very quickly, so the effect is called a knockdown. The effect of the Pyrethrum on pests can be seen in the video.
Using Pyrethrum Plants in the Vegetable Garden
It seems that there are more powerful and effective insecticides that also provide lasting protection. So why use a product that is not the most tolerant? The fact is that Pyrethrum flowers have many advantages that give them an edge over chemical insecticides. We can even set aside its naturalness, which is attractive to gardeners who want to grow organic produce without a hint of “chemicals”.
Among the advantages.
- No resistance from pests. The product remains effective even after several applications and does not create a constant immune response in the insect population.
- Very fast action. Pests are killed immediately after treatment.
- Small amounts of product per unit area, individual tree, or shrub used.
- Possibility of harvesting and eating within a few hours after application.
- A wide range of pests are infested.
The combination of cost-effectiveness and efficiency is the undoubted advantage of the Pyrethrum. For example, a 0.26 gals (1 liter) brake tank of concentrate is sufficient to treat 20-30 trees in a 50-acre (20 hectares) vegetable garden or garden. Also, you can kill pests even if you want to harvest berries, fruits, or vegetables the next day. The active ingredient will break down into harmless compounds after two to three hours. The treatment is best applied in the evening when the sun has set and the temperature in the air has dropped considerably. As a contact insecticide, Pyrethrum needs to reach all areas of the plant and for this reason, it is best to use a good sprayer and sprayer.
Using Pyrethrum Flowers on Houseplants
While various pest control agents can be used outdoors, there are some restrictions and toxic products are completely prohibited for use in the home.
No one wants to use strong substances in their living space because of the risk they may pose to humans and pets. But indoor plants need protection just as much as plants in the garden. In this case, the Pyrethrum is indispensable. Of course, you don’t need a lot of insecticide in your home, so you can buy Bona Felt flying and crawling insect spray in a convenient 500 ml bottle.
A quality sprayer will produce a broad, fine spray that thoroughly treats houseplants of any height and canopy density, and all you need to do is turn the cap to get started. This will help eradicate any pests found in your home. Importantly, Pyrethrum is safe for humans and all pets, so even use Pyrethrum-based products when treating cages and birdhouses.
Pyrethrum is an effective natural pesticide that can be used in many situations. Most importantly, it has a targeted effect on insect pests but is safe for other organisms.