Eggplant is a very common home-cooked vegetable on the table, including round eggplant, long eggplant, dwarf eggplant, and other varieties. Recommend you to read “Eggplant makes your life more longer“
Eggplant has a high planting value, when should eggplant be sown? So how long does it take to grow eggplant? Let me share with you.
Eggplant is an annual herb, growing at a temperature between 20 degrees and 30 degrees, and requires high water and fertilizer, so it is suitable for planting in early spring and early autumn.
Of course, the choice of eggplant varieties is also the key. Choose varieties that are suitable for the local climate, good quality, and marketable.
There are two ways to grow eggplant: greenhouse and outdoor. Growing eggplant is suitable for home backyards. Spring is the best time for outdoor sowing of eggplants.
Mid-March is the eggplant seedling period, and April is the planting period. Regardless of which eggplant is planted, the seedling time is determined by the root planting time.
The planting time is determined by the cultivation environment and the local climate and the ground temperature.
Eggplant sowing time
Early spring planting and sowing dates are in December, planting in late February of the following year, and harvesting starts at the end of April.
Plant seedlings in autumn in May, planting in June and harvesting from August to September. Eggplant seeds weigh 4-5 grams per thousand seeds.
Eggplant seedlings with short internodes, thick young stems, and thick green leaves are of better quality. Generally, they are transplanted when there are about 5 true leaves. When transplanting, they must be planted in farmland with nutrient soil with roots.
Planting must be carried out in the afternoon on a cloudy or sunny day, with a row spacing of 70 cm and a plant spacing of 50 cm. After planting, drench the root water to ensure the survival of the plants.
Depending on the climate, the ripening time of eggplant fruit is generally one week to ten days, not more than half a month. It is harvested when there is no white ring at the junction of sepals and fruit, and early-maturing varieties can be harvested 20-25 days after flowering.
Growing conditions of eggplant
Eggplant likes high temperature, the suitable temperature for seed germination is 25-30℃, the suitable temperature for seedling development is 25-30℃ during the day, 15-20℃ at night, and it grows slowly below 15℃ and causes flower drop. Metabolism is imbalanced below 10°C.
Eggplant has higher requirements for light time and intensity. Under the conditions of long sunshine and high intensity, eggplants grow vigorously, with good flower bud quality, high fruit yield, and beautiful color.
Before the eggplant is formed, it needs less water, and after the eggplant grows rapidly, it needs more water. For the eggplant before and after harvest, the water demand is large, and the water needs must be met.
Eggplant loves water but is afraid of water. When the soil is moist and poorly ventilated, it is easy to cause retting, and the air humidity is prone to disease.
It is suitable for cultivation in soil rich in organic matter and strong in water and fertilizer retention.
Eggplant has higher requirements for nitrogen fertilizer. When nitrogen is deficient, the differentiation of flower buds is delayed, and the number of flowers is significantly reduced. Especially in the blooming period, if there is insufficient nitrogen, short stylus flowers will increase, and plant development will not be good.
Under the condition of low nitrogen fertilizer level, the effect of phosphate fertilizer is not significant, and the absorption of potassium increases sharply in the later stage.
Due to the long growth period of eggplants, in addition to watering and fertilizing in technical management, various prevention and control measures for pests and diseases must be done.
There are many kinds of eggplant diseases and insect pests. The common eggplant diseases mainly include damping-off. The main pests are floating insects, red spiders, cutworms, etc. Eggplant damping-off mostly occurs in the seedling stage, and the symptoms are that the stems of the seedlings are discolored and gradually shrinking. Stick to the ground until the seedlings rot and die.
In short, take all measures to prevent the occurrence of eggplant diseases and insect pests to ensure that eggplants increase their yield!