The most colorful and vibrant red plant is the Hypoestes Plant, which comes in a surprising array of big reds, pinks, and dazzling emerald hues. This spotted beauty, with its rather unusual color range, requires the same special care. Hypoestes Plant looks smart, lush, and imposing. Its unconventional appearance already makes it clear that it is not a simple plant. Before buying Hypoestes Plant, it is worth assessing your chances of success. And pay special attention to the requirements of its living conditions. Thumbgarden’s article will learn how to grow with care Hypoestes plant.
HYPOESTES PLANT DESCRIPTION
Hypoestes is a genus of flowering plants with about 150 species. They are widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions around the Indian Ocean and in some adjacent areas. It belongs to the Acanthoideae subfamily of the Acanthaceae family of echinoderma. Wikipedia belongs to the group of plants that catch the eye at first sight in any environment. Even among the wide variety of miscellaneous stars, you will not find a plant that can beat the dappled beauty of Hypoestes.
This is despite potted perennials with sensory retardation can quickly deteriorate and be cultivated as juvenile or annual plants requiring frequent replacement and renewal. The best strategy remains the annual replacement of plugs grown from cuttings, but if the cuttings are drastic, try leaving the plant in place for 2-3 years. The height of the hypotension depends on its formation. On average, the shrub can grow to 13-20 inches (35-50 cm) but can be limited to more compact sizes.
The pointed ovate leaves, up to 4 inches (10 cm) long, are arranged at an elevated angle, making them more rigid. The underside narrows to a short petiole, and the flat or serrated margins do not prevent appreciation of the mottled and spotted patterns, asymmetrical and overlapping more than halfway with the background. Due to their presence, Hypoestes Plant is better known throughout the world as a spotted plant (polka-dotted plant).
The color of Hypoestes Plant leaves is similar to an intense application of bright paint – bright grass, emerald, or purple – on an equally bright but contrasting background. Hypoestes Plant leaves are considered rare in hue because they look more like a palette of acrylic paints. Neon and lollipop pinks, dazzling crimson, various shades of pink, and flecks of light yellow or white – the beauty of the leaves can’t help but amaze.
The flowering of the Hypoestes Plant is interesting but somewhat “dangerous”: the appearance of small spikes of florets, the bracts coalesce into a veil, leading to deformation and loss of ornamental greenery. Moreover, since Hypoestes Plant is grown as a decorative deciduous ornamental plant, it is better to avoid flowering altogether.
VARIETIES OF HYPOESTES PLANT
Among the more than one hundred varieties cultivated indoors are mainly varieties and hybrids of two tropical species native to Madagascar.
Hypoestes phyllostachya is a compact shrub up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall, with small leaves. Pink and red spots on the leaves predominate in the species.
Hypoestes sanguinolenta is a larger, 20 inch (50 cm) tall shrub with large, wavy leaves decorated with purple stripes and small red spots.
GROWING CONDITIONS FOR INDOOR HYPOESTES PLANT
Hypoestes are best placed in rooms with high natural humidity – kitchens, bathrooms. It is one of the main plants in fashionable botanical gardens and aquariums and flower showcases with compositional designs. However, as an original alternative to “live bouquets,” it is also a perfect candidate for tabletop decoration.
It can enliven winter interiors and rooms lacking bright colors. And it gets along very well with other houseplants, especially in combination with ferns or large potted plants.
Lighting and placement
The strong color indicates that it is a very demanding plant when it comes to lighting. Direct sunlight, especially at midday, can burn the foliage, but Hypoestes Plantes needs as much bright light as possible, choosing from soft diffuse reflections. Choosing an east-west bay window or installing a diffusion screen on a south-facing window can be equally beneficial to them.
The lack of light on cloudy days and in autumn and winter needs to be compensated by auxiliary light. Otherwise, there is no way to avoid color loss and uprooting. Always refer to the leaves: their patterns and colors will be more vivid when they are comfortable.
Temperature and Ventilation
The minimum temperature the plant can tolerate is 59 °F (15 °C), but Hypoestes Plantia will lose its decorative qualities if temperatures drop as low as 64 °F (18 °C). A steady, stable heat is best for this ornamental plant throughout the year. The ideal temperature is between 70-77 °F (21-25 °C). A proportional increase in air humidity should compensate for heat. People with low blood pressure cannot tolerate drafts and sudden changes.
CARING FOR HYPOESTES PLANTES AT HOME
Hypoestes Plantes are more difficult to care for than their competitor, FIttonia Plantes. The plant requires consistent soil moisture and frequent spraying.
Watering and Air Humidity
This plant is very sensitive to over-watering, and even one sloppy watering can lead to the rapid spread of rot. However, drought can also cause the leaves to dry out and drop. Therefore, the soil should be allowed to dry 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm) in summer and 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) in winter, and any water in the tray should be poured out immediately.
If the plant has flowered, watering should be reduced after flowering, but usually, the plant growth slows down in winter. Frequent and moderate watering is preferable to heavy and infrequent watering at any time of the year. Water Hypoestes Plant gently without soaking the stems and greens. The water should be slightly warmer than room temperature 37-41 °F (3-5°C) and soft.
It is a tropical, moisture-loving plant that can only maintain ornamental qualities when humidity values reach 60% or higher. Hypoestes Plantes prefer to be sprayed with water. Still, you can simplify care by installing humidifiers, trays of wet moss, using flower rooms and flower display cases, or grouping Hypoestes Plantes with other tropical species.
Feeding and fertilizer composition
Hypoestes Plantes are fertilized throughout the year, even in winter. Fertilizer is applied every 2 weeks in spring and summer and once a month during the dormant season at half the rate. This crop requires a fertilizer specific for ornamental foliage plants with a high potassium content.
Pruning and jaw trimming
Regular pruning is necessary to create a lush bush. Strong pruning of the stump in early spring is recommended if you want to keep it for several years.
Repotting, containers and substrates
This plant grows and ages quickly. Re-pot each year in early spring (when active growth begins) and transfer the plant to a new container only if it is to be used as a perennial. If young cuttings are used to replace Hypoestes Plant, no transplanting is required.
Hypoestes Plantes grows well in any loose soil with a neutral response. A general-purpose, slightly acidic (pH between 5.0 and 6.5) multi-component substrate or ornamental soil mixture (e.g., a homemade mixture of peat, sod, leaf soil, and sand equivalents). Charcoal and loosening agents (perlite, coconut fiber, coarse sand) can be added to the soil, but a high drainage layer (¼-⅓ of the pot height) is usually sufficient.
Hypoestes Plant pots should be medium-sized, corresponding to the root system, and subsequently increased by 0.4-0.8 inches (1-2 cm). Several shrubs are allowed to be planted in one container.
Pests and problems in cultivation
Hypoestes plants most often die from over-watering and humidity. Rot spreads very quickly, so at the first sign of suspicious spots, it is best to dry the substrate, cut off the affected parts and treat with fungicides.
Whiteflies and aphids are the most common pests on Hypoestes Plantes and should be treated with insecticides immediately.
All problems of Hypoestes Plante’s deficiency can be seen on the leaves. They wilt, darken and curl in low humidity, fall off in wet, cold, and lack of nutrients, and become pale and distorted in low light. And almost always, the initial signs are followed by elongation and impaired growth.
Propagation of Hypoestes Plant
The easiest, but not the quickest, method of growing is rooting cuttings. Both tip and stem cuttings from strong, healthy shoots can be rooted in soil or water, most rapidly at temperatures of 77-86 °F (25-30 °C) and with a slightly moist substrate.
On average, rooting takes at least two months. If you want to achieve faster results, plants are not planted one by one, but up to 3-5 cuttings per pot, starting with early pruning to thicken the crown.
You can also grow lower plants from seeds by sowing them in spring, with heated bottom and top layers.