What is the most common problem that friends have when it comes to how to make compost?
One is easy to have worms, the other is the smell is very unfriendly, to solve these two problems is very simple, with the compost bucket to keep secret will be able to avoid having worms, composting when do not put materials indiscriminately will be able to avoid the smell.
To make your own fertile, loose, and well-fertilized soil inside your yard, you need to master the following seven tips.
Know the ingredients of compost
When making compost, there are two main ingredients needed to make a perfect compost pile, and the compost soil produced will contain very high levels of carbon and nitrogen.
These materials that produce elemental carbon are known as brown matter because they are usually made up of things like dried leaves, hay, wood chips, cardboard, and dried straw.
Materials rich in nitrogen, on the other hand, include common green materials such as fresh leaves, freshly dried grass vegetable leaves, and fruit peels, etc. The animal manure that we normally see is also very rich in nitrogen.
When making compost, you can lay a layer of fine twigs or some straw at the bottom, which can form a water filtration layer to avoid waterlogging of the composted material and keep it breathable.
Create a balance of carbon and nitrogen elements
When making compost to keep the carbon and nitrogen compounds interacting with each other, it is also important not to lose balance. When selecting the materials for making compost, you should also pay attention to the fact that after adding too many fallen leaves, you should also put in some vegetable leaves and fruit peels appropriately to avoid too much carbon and too little nitrogen.
Addition of composting materials
When making compost, how to check whether the compost keeps the balance of carbon and nitrogen elements?
If there is too much nitrogen, then the compost material will become sticky, so it is necessary to add some fallen leaves and hay to increase the carbon element in the compost.
If there is too much carbon in the compost material, then it is time to add some vegetable leaves and peels to increase the nitrogen element.
Kitchen waste is usually the main nitrogen, such as common vegetable leaves, peels, etc., and leaves are usually supplemented with carbon, these materials are mixed in a ratio of 1:4 is the best.
Increase the time for faster fermentation
Compost should be patient, the compost needs to be kept moist, you can put some earthworms under the compost material, which can increase the speed of compost fermentation and help to decompose faster.
When composting to reduce odor, you can cover it with some leaves, dried straw and grass clippings, etc. This serves as a mulch to enhance aesthetics and reduce odor.
When composting, add material layer by layer, each layer probably has are about 7 to 10 cm.
When finishing composting, it is usually the inner composting material that turns black first, and the outer composting material becomes difficult to decompose, so it should be stirred regularly.
Avoid excessive moisture or excessive dryness
To make perfect compost, avoid water accumulation inside, so it is not necessary to leave a drainage hole, in order to avoid worms from running in, the location of the drainage hole should be nailed with a piece of screen.
When it rains, the top of the compost bin must be covered to prevent water from accumulating in the soil. If the compost material is dry, you must add water in time to keep the compost slightly moist but not wet.
Compost should be positioned to avoid excessive exposure to the sun or excessive rainfall.
The basis of composting
In my experience composting success is mainly about regulating the ratio of nitrogen and carbon inside and avoiding too much of a particular material, to keep gaining experience, without reading too many books, or needing thermometers or various fancy compost bins, or various additives.
What you are trying to do is spend a little more time experimenting and putting in composting materials, paying attention to the amount of them.
When making compost, there are certain benefits to regular stirring, which allows the compost that has formed at the bottom to dig up and allows the entire compost bin to decompose and ferment faster with all the materials inside, helping to get a more perfect composting soil.
Some experienced gardeners are able to produce very good composting soil within a few weeks, and of course, it’s even faster when used to make liquid fertilizer.
But for newbies, it usually takes three months to six months or more to make fully rotted and fermented compost.
It is necessary to let the compost material inside decompose completely and turn it into black soil so that the composting is completed.
Composting materials must not use some dairy or meat products, which will affect the decomposition and fermentation of the compost, and it is easy to attract worms and produce unpleasant odors.