Top 7 Pest and Disease Remedies for plant

0Shares
0 0
Top 7 Pest and Disease Remedies for plant
Top 7 Pest and Disease Remedies for plant

The market for horticultural chemicals is regularly updated with new products. Each new product is accompanied by advertisements describing its amazing effectiveness and safety when used correctly. But in practice, safety is often questionable.

So, more and more gardeners are turning to other ways to protect their plants from pests and diseases, such as long-known remedies available at any drugstore.

This textbook shows you how to use common pharmacological preparations to treat and protect plants from pests and diseases.


HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

Hydrogen peroxide is a colorless and transparent liquid. It is slightly acidic and easily soluble in water, alcohol, and ether. It is a strong oxidizer, absolutely ecologically safe, and can destroy the surface protective layer of spores and pathogenic microorganisms.

This property is the basis for the application of hydrogen peroxide as a fungicide, bacteriostatic, disinfectant and seed germination stimulant in garden plots. In addition, it has been observed that hydrogen peroxide significantly improves the aeration of the soil.

Only freshly prepared hydrogen peroxide solutions should be used.


Prevention of plant pests and diseases

During the maintenance of greenhouse crops, water the soil and seedlings under the roots and spray with hydrogen peroxide working solution, prepared from 25-30 ml of 3% hydrogen peroxide and 1 liter of pure water.

Spray and water the sprouts with the hydrogen peroxide solution no more than 3-4 times. This product can remove fungal and bacterial infections from the soil and promote more vigorous growth and development of seedlings.

The roots of young vegetable crops are placed in such a hydrogen peroxide solution (from a few hours to a day) before planting in the open field or greenhouse.

The active oxygen in the solution kills bacteria and saturates the young plant tissues with oxygen, allowing for rapid growth, preventing root rot, and speeding up the rooting of cuttings. Some gardeners claim that the solution works more effectively than growth stimulants.

Water and spray houseplants 2-3 times a week with a less concentrated hydrogen peroxide working solution, prepared by adding 10-20 ml of 3% hydrogen peroxide per 1-2 liters of water.


Hydrogen peroxide against aphids, bugs, and scale

Spraying plants with working solutions once a week.

  1. 50 g of sugar, 50 ml of 3% hydrogen peroxide, and 1 liter of water.
  2. 2 tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide and 2 tablespoons of alcohol diluted in 1 liter of water.

Peroxide for phytopathogenic bacteria

Spray the plants with a working solution and prepare the drug at the rate of 1 tablespoon per 1 liter of water.

Hydrogen peroxide for the control of pseudomelanosis and true powdery mildew, grape rot
During the growing season of horticultural, green, and garden crops, especially in autumn in vineyards affected by fungal diseases, the plants are treated medicinally and prophylactically with a 1:10 working solution of hydrogen peroxide (1 part of hydrogen peroxide in 10 parts of water).

In the case of severe disease development, the concentration of the working solution can be increased to 1:8, 1:6.


Hydrogen peroxide for blackleg and root rot control

When irrigating plants under the roots, add 20 ml of 3% hydrogen peroxide to 1 liter of water.


AMMONIA ALCOHOL

Ammonia alcohol, or ammonia – a dilute solution of ammonium hydroxide, is referred to as ammonia in China. Although not quite correct, because ammonia is the technical name of another substance ammonium chloride (odorless white powder).

Ammonia is a colorless, clear liquid with a pungent odor that can cause asphyxiation. In the home, ammonia is used for medicinal purposes, and in-country homes and vegetable gardens, ammonia is used for rooting and foliar feeding in acute nitrogen deficiency. The amount and application method of ammonia varies for different crops.

When working with ammonia, health safety measures must be observed.


Ammonia alcohol – Nitrogen fertilizer

For rapid nitrogen uptake by the crop (with clear signs of nitrogen deficiency), a working solution can be used for watering, made by mixing 1 tbsp of ammonia alcohol with 1 liter of water. The watering is done on wet soil in the area between the rows.

Preventive root pruning of flower and vegetable crops with ammonia alcohol is applied in the first half of the vegetation at the rate of 1-2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water.

When spraying horticultural crops, prepare a mixture of 30-40 ml of the preparation and 10 liters of water. To avoid burning the plants, spray on cloudy days or after 16.00 pm.


Ammonia is an insecticide for pest control

Ammonia is an excellent insecticide and its solution successfully repels soil pests (bears, nematodes, crickets) from the site.

  1. Prepare a mixture of 10-15 ml of ammonia alcohol and 10 liters of water. When planting cabbage and nightshade seedlings, add 0.5 liters of working solution to the well.
  2. As soon as the air temperature rises to 50-53 °F (10-12 ° C), prepare the seedbed for planting 3 times pouring the mixture of ammonia and water at the rate of 40 ml (2 tablespoons) of the drug 10 liters of water. This solution is positive. After treatment, the soil is loosened and seedlings are planted after 2-3 weeks.

Onion and carrot flies produce ammonia

A single dousing with 5 ml of the solution and 10 liters of water between the rows.


Ammonia produced by aphids, wasps, ants, spider mites, whiteflies

One spraying of plants with a mixture of 25 ml of the drug in 10 liters of water. Liquid soap is added to the solution. If necessary, repeat the treatment after 2 weeks (not earlier).


Ammonia is an insecticide for pest control

Ammonia is an excellent insecticide and its solution successfully repels soil pests (bears, nematodes, crickets) from the site.

  1. Prepare a mixture of 10-15 ml of ammonia alcohol and 10 liters of water. When planting cabbage and nightshade seedlings, add 0.5 liters of working solution to the well.
  2. As soon as the air temperature rises to 50-53 °F (10-12 ° C), prepare the seedbed for planting 3 times pouring the mixture of ammonia and water at the rate of 40 ml (2 tablespoons) of the drug 10 liters of water. This solution is positive. After treatment, the soil is loosened and seedlings are planted after 2-3 weeks.

Onion and carrot flies produce ammonia

A single dousing with 5 ml of the solution and 10 liters of water between the rows.


Ammonia produced by aphids, wasps, ants, spider mites, whiteflies

One spraying of plants with a mixture of 25 ml of the drug in 10 liters of water. Liquid soap is added to the solution. If necessary, repeat the treatment after 2 weeks (not earlier).


Ammonia alcohol – Nitrogen fertilizer

For rapid nitrogen uptake by the crop (with clear signs of nitrogen deficiency), a working solution can be used for watering, made by mixing 1 tbsp of ammonia alcohol with 1 liter of water. The watering is done on wet soil in the area between the rows.

Preventive root pruning of flower and vegetable crops with ammonia alcohol is applied in the first half of the vegetation at the rate of 1-2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water.

When spraying horticultural crops, prepare a mixture of 30-40 ml of the preparation and 10 liters of water. To avoid burning the plants, spray on cloudy days or after 16:00 pm.


FURACILIN

Furacilin is a well-known pharmacy drug used to treat angina and other throat diseases, it is also effective in protecting grapes from defeat by fungal infections. The unique feature of the drug is that it can be used on shrubs with mature crops.

Work protocol: 5 tablets of furacilin dissolved in 5 liters of water, add 50 grams of soap or any other “sticker” and spray the shrubs thoroughly (literally, on each leaf, on all sides of each bunch). Spray several times in the early morning or late afternoon, at intervals of 7-10 days.

IODINE

Iodine is an effective antiseptic for humans, it destroys pathogenic fungal microorganisms on plants and acts as a trace element required by plants. A few drops per 10 liters of water is sufficient to be effective.


Lodine preservative

To protect strawberry bushes/strawberry plants from fungal pathogens, it is necessary to spray flower beds with aqueous iodine solution (5-10 drops per 10 liters of water) before flowering. Prophylactically, it is repeated 2-3 times during the vegetative period of culture (after 2-3 weeks).


Lodine against phytopathogenic bacteria

You can protect against the ubiquitous Phytophthora by spraying a mixture of 40 drops of iodine 1 tablespoon of iodine tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide and 10 liters of water.


Iodine against powdery mildew and bacterial diseases

These diseases on cucumbers are the bane of many gardeners. To get rid of them, simply add 1 liter of milk, 30 drops of iodine, and 2 tablespoons of liquid “binder” (soap or gel) to 10 liters of water.


Iodine increases the size of the fruit

Iodine has a positive effect on the size of nightshade fruits. Simply prepare 3 drops of iodine mixture dissolved in 10 liters of water and spray the plants. This can be repeated 2-3 times during the growing season.

The same solution can be added to 1 liter when sowing seedlings in holes.


SALICYLIC ACID

Acetylsalicylic acid, also known as aspirin, is a drug freely available in all pharmacies. Aspirin is a light yellow crystalline powder or white tablet with a slightly sweet and sour taste.

Some gardeners dissolve 3 aspirin tablets in 12-15 liters of warm water, add a “binder” (liquid soap) and spray the plants once a month to prevent disease. However, the use of aspirin tablets is ineffective on plants.

Aspirin contains salicylic acid, a component that has the ability to stimulate plant immunity and control many diseases such as fungal diseases. It is salicylic acid that plants need in the form of water-soluble salts. Therefore, in pharmacies is better to buy not aspirin tablets, and an alcoholic solution of salicylic acid (available in 25 ml vials) and turn it into a water-soluble salt that can be used in plants.

To do this, dissolve 4 bottles of salicylic acid (100 ml) in 1 liter of warm water to obtain a solution with needle-like crystalline precipitation. Forty milliliters of ammonia was added. The crystals dissolve quickly and react to form the ammonium salicylate salt. Dissolving it in 10-12 liters of warm water gives the desired working solution, with which all vegetable crops can be treated.

In order to increase the efficiency of action on plants, it is necessary to treat on moist soil (after watering and fertilizing). The culture should be sprayed once a month in the early morning so that the water droplets on the leaves dry out before the big sun. Ammonium salicylate acts as a powerful hormone on plants to accelerate their growth and development, creating a large harvest.

Treating plants with ammonium salicylate solution protects the culture from fungal and bacterial diseases such as powdery mildew, fusarium, verticillium, gray rot, and blackleg. Watering the soil under the plants with this solution while spraying is very effective.

Be careful! Increasing the concentration of the solution and more frequent treatments will not produce the desired results.


TRICHOPOL

Trichopol and its counterpart, metronidazole, are medical drugs that inhibit the development of various infectious diseases. Currently, these drugs are successfully used in horticultural plots to control fungal diseases of vegetables and horticultural crops (Phytophthora, Chlamydia, gray rot, etc.).

Treatment of plants is started in advance (before the disease manifests itself) as a preventive measure in wet weather favorable for disease development, and the soil is irrigated with a solution containing triclosan.

Preventive treatment of plants during the vegetative period and soil watering should be repeated once in 2-3 weeks.

The action of Trichopol on Phytophthora
For prophylaxis – prepare a solution at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 liter of water and spray the plants. For treatment – double the dose of the drug. Prepare a solution of 15-20 tablets per 10 liters of water. At the same time as spraying, water the soil under the plant with the same solution.

If after the treatment (even on the next day) it will rain, the spraying procedure must be repeated.

Control of Trichoderma, gray rot, and slugs
Dissolve 15 tablets of metronidazole or triclopyr in 10 liters of water and add 10 ml of green. The green in this mixture acts as a disinfectant where the plants are damaged.

Stir the mixture well and treat the whole plant thoroughly, including the trunk and trellis branches of the garden crop. The same solution was sprayed on the vine bushes and the treatment was completed 2 weeks before harvest.


MANGANESE SOLUTION

Potassium permanganate (at home – manganese) – the potassium salt of potassium manganate. Manganese is a strong oxidizing agent and can be used as a disinfecting antiseptic and antibacterial agent against fungal diseases (fusarium, brown rust, brown spot, etc.) and bacterial diseases (root and other rots).

Although it is easier to buy manganese in gardening stores today than in pharmacies, manganese has not ceased to be a traditional medicinal herb.


Manganese control of powdery mildew and slime fungus

When cucumbers, zucchini, and squash are affected by powdery mildew and slime fungus, spray the plants with a 3% solution of manganese every 3 days until the disease is eliminated.

For preventive purposes, other vegetable crops can also be sprayed with the same concentrated solution, increasing the treatment interval to 10 days.

Powdery mildew of fruit berry trees and grapes was treated with a tank mixture: 3 g of manganese solution was added to every 10 liters of Bordeaux solution, stirred well, filtered, and sprayed thoroughly over the whole plant.


Manganese solution to control phytophthora and fruit rot

It is mostly caused by tomatoes and eggplants. To prevent the disease, plants need to be treated with 1-2% manganese solution.

  1. during the growth of the above-ground mass of the crop.
  2. Before mass flowering.
  3. At the beginning of fruit ripening.

To protect herbaceous berries (strawberries, strawberries, etc.) from gray rot, the following manganese solution can be used: dissolve 2 teaspoons of manganese without tropo in 10 liters of water, mix well and spray the plants after flowering.

0Shares
0 0
We will be happy to hear your thoughts

      Leave a reply

      ThumbGarden.com!
      Logo
      Reset Password