Composting is an amazing solution for recycling. What else we can considered as trash? Like banana peels, apple peels, fallen leaves, weeds and pet bedding. Turn it into something useful that transforms our gardens and flower beds. It’s amazing!
There are a few rules when preparing your compost pile. You won’t have any problems following it. And, even if you make a few “mistakes,” you can still compost it.
BOX, PILE, OR TOGGLE SWITCH COMPOSTER?
The first thing you should decide is where you want to store your compost. This depends a lot on the nature of your garden and what you think will work best for size and aesthetics.
A large garden may require at least one large pile, while a small roller composter or other compact composting solution can be used for smaller gardens.
In general, there are several factors to consider:
- How much “waste” will you be composting? If you have a large garden and yard that produces a lot of organic waste (grass clippings, leaves, branches, etc.), then you will need a container large enough to recycle. If your yard produces mostly only dead flowers and weeds, and you have a relatively small lawn (or you use a composting mower), you are better off using a more compact box, bucket, or dump truck.
- Aesthetic concerns. You probably don’t want a compost pile dangling in front of your eyes all the time. Why not put the compost pile behind a garage or other building? If you can’t do that and you still don’t like compost without containers, you can buy a special box or enclose the composting area with something decorative.
- How much compost can you mix? In order to make compost and speed up the decomposition of organic waste, you need to mix it regularly. If this is difficult for you, give preference to a toggle switch (composter), a special box with easy mixing facilities, or choose a worm compost pile.
Whichever you choose, the composting area should be located so that you have easy access to it. Very ideally, it should be located in an area with occasional natural light (the more sunlight that hits the compost pile, the faster it will break down).
WHAT TO COMPOST?
Basically, it can be any plant material. If something was once a plant, then it is suitable for composting. And this automatically excludes meat, bones, and dairy products, which should not be added to a compost pile under any circumstances. They may contain bacteria and may facilitate the spread of pests.
All ingredients that have the potential to be composted fall into two categories.” Green” and “Brown.” Green” is rich in nitrogen, contains more water, and decomposes more quickly.” Brown” is rich in carbon, contains less water, and decomposes more slowly.
“Green” is vegetable waste, grass clippings, weeds, coffee grounds, manure, and eggshells.
“Brown” are leaves, straw, shredded newspapers, cardboard sleeves of toilet paper, tree branches, and sawdust.
In theory, these two types of waste should be composted in separate layers (as magazine articles often show). But almost no one has piles of leaves, grass clippings, and vegetable waste just waiting to be composted, and in an even pile.
A simpler, more logical approach is to add these wastes to the compost pile as they appear and accumulate. During this process, the compost should be aired and stirred periodically to mix the “green” and “brown” wastes with each other.
ABOUT THE RATIO OF “GREEN” TO “BROWN”
Oh yes, where are we going to get rid of these ratios. If you are obsessed with getting your compost ready as soon as possible, then you need to pay attention to the ratio of “green” to “brown” waste in your compost pile. This ratio should be about 30 parts “brown” to 1 part “green”.
The average garden produces far more “green” waste than “brown” waste. Therefore, if achieving compost in the shortest possible time is not as important to you, then simply add plant waste as it appears.
If you find that your compost pile is becoming too wet and decomposing slowly, add carbon-rich stuff to it: fallen leaves, shredded newspapers. But don’t worry, it will still compost.
HOW DO I KEEP MY COMPOST PILE OR BIN IN GOOD CONDITION?
The most important thing in maintaining your compost pile is to mix it systematically and to keep the moisture at an optimal level.
You can shape the compost in any way you like. If you have installed a toggle switch (composter), just let it do its job and turn it in every day – you don’t need any extra effort in this case.
If your compost pile is in a pile or a box, there are several ways to do this. For example, about once a week, you can take a shovel or garden fork and turn the entire compost pile upside down.
This will allow you to aerate the compost pile and mix the contents really well. If you have a strong back and want to get faster results, this method will be your best solution.
However, if the idea of turning the entire compost pile doesn’t make you particularly enthusiastic, you can do without it. Simply push the garden fork into the compost pile as far as possible and then do a few backs and forth motions with it.
This lets more air into the compost pile and speeds up the breakdown of organic waste. You won’t get compost as quickly as the old method, but it’s an option if you want to keep a healthy back.
The second aspect of maintaining a compost pile involves maintaining its optimum moisture content. It should be like a squeezed sponge: on the one hand, it’s definitely moist, but on the other hand, it shouldn’t be so wet that you can squeeze extra liquid out of it.
Compost that is too wet will give off an unpleasant odor, while compost that is too dry will not decompose.
If you find that your compost pile becomes too wet, add shredded newspaper or fallen leaves. This “discolored” waste product will take away excess moisture from the pile.
Do not add any green waste for a while: until the moisture content returns to normal. If it rains and the compost pile becomes too wet, cover it with a tarp.
If your compost pile becomes too dry, moisten it with water using a hose or watering can. You can sprinkle water over the top of the compost pile to allow the water to seep in and wet the center of the compost.
USING YOUR COMPOST PILE
Once your compost is ready (it should look and smell like dark, nutrient-rich soil), you can use it in your garden, lawn, pets, and plants in your bathtub. As an ingredient in seed sowing mixes.
It’s almost impossible to use compost in your garden, so feel free to be mildly obsessed with it!
Welcome to ThumbGarden’s link for How to Make Compost.