Cilantro is a delicious and healthy herb. However, in order for it to exhibit all its advantages as a seasoning and as a means of traditional medicine, it must be assembled correctly. To do this, you need to understand some basic points without thinking about which yield will be lower.
Let’s figure out what yields we need to rely on, how to trim cilantro so it keeps growing, and what we need on hand.
I want to see fresh vegetables on the menu all summer, so the question a vegetable garden novice would ask themselves is: Will cilantro grow again after cutting, or do I need to pull the bush off the ground and sow it again?
It is possible to cut the leaves from the plant several times. However, in order to supply the table with cilantro without interruption from spring to fall, it must be sown more than once.
WHAT IS THE CROP YIELD AND WHAT DOES IT DEPEND ON?
Cilantro yields are usually
- on individual land – 1-1.5 kg/sq. ft.
- When grown on farms and in greenhouses – 10-20 tons/ha.
However, these are average figures. The real yield depends on the following factors.
- Growing conditions: Cilantro is a very sun-loving plant. In case of insufficient light, it grows poorly and does not acquire green quality. On the same soil area, but in a different light, cilantro will produce more greenness where there is more sunlight.
- In spite of its simplicity, this culture is very sensitive to the structure and composition of the soil. Maximum yield is obtained on light, loose soils with a sufficient thickness of the humus layer.
- Fertilizers applied: Like all crops grown for greens, cilantro responds to nitrogen uptake – from organic matter (compost, bottom peat, fall manure) to synthetic fertilizers (nitrate and diazo phosphorus).
- Moisture: Cilantro requires much more moisture than most crops. And if watering is insufficient, there is no need to wait for a big yield and cilantro will not become lush.
- Variety: Quality varieties and hybrids from nurseries yield higher yields than the few seeds harvested in the fall in grandfather gardens. However, it is important to take zoning into account: if a variety is not suitable for a particular zone, record yields should not be expected from that zone.
It is usually not worth believing the numbers on the cilantro seed package. Even the best varieties will not show outstanding quality if the conditions are not right.
Conversely, with luck, soil, moisture, and sunlight, even a small amount of seed collected from a semi-wild self-seeding planting will give the gardener harvest.
WILL CILANTRO REGROW?
Cilantro used to be grown mainly in the Caucasus and Central Asia, but today the crop is no longer rare around the world.
In spring in all regions, new shoots appear after an average of 2 weeks, and the first green leaves can be cut after 1-1.5 months.
By this time, the shrub should have grown to 16-20 cm (6.29-7.87inch). To extend the period of obtaining marketable cilantro, it is necessary to observe an important condition.
The fact is that the cut cilantro continues to grow. However, if it goes into flower, you need to urgently remove the flower stalks.
Otherwise, the leaves will become thick and inedible. Therefore, cilantro can not bloom. If you want to re-green the replanted plant, you need to remove the inflorescence at the earliest stage of plant development.
After that, water the cilantro regularly and do not let it dry out. Soon new shoots with tender leaves will grow, and the quality will not be worse than the first crop. The summer cycle of the crop is short.
To grow cilantro uninterruptedly throughout the summer season, sow seeds every 2-3 weeks from April to July. For better development of the bush, they should not be placed too often.
However, the golden mean needs to be observed, as too loose planting can be uneconomical for the use of the planting area. The best arrangement is 10-12 cm (3.93-4.72inch) between plants and 20-25 cm (7.87-9.84inch) between rows.
HOW DO I CUT CILANTRO TO KEEP IT GROWING?
Cilantro will grow further if pruned regularly. Regular cutting will delay flowering and seed formation. Also, the younger the plant the more delicate and fragrant the leaves are.
Special features of shearing.
- On young plants, greenery can be cut without scissors. The twigs are still very pliable and thin and can be easily picked by hand by crushing the stems with your fingernails.
- Branches should not be plucked because they can be pulled off if you are not careful.
- On lettuce, the outer leaves are plucked or cut off, while the leaves next to the stem are left to develop further.
- If you need to obtain a large amount of parsley at once (e.g. for sale), cut off the branches located at a ground level completely.
- If the bush is to be kept for re-pruning, do not remove more than 1/3 of the leaves at a time. losing a large number of leaves can severely weaken the plant and slow down its growth rate.
Inspect the bush initially to assess its condition, then start cutting. If the cilantro grows to full size, it will not be available for food. In this case, there are only two options left – pull out the bush and reseed it green or leave the plant in the garden and wait for the changes to mature.
WHEN IS IT USUALLY PRUNED SO THAT IT CAN ALSO BE HARVESTED LATER?
- Harvesting takes place in two stages: for current needs – after the bushes have reached 15-20cm (5.9-7.87inch) in height. From this point on, greens can be harvested from them for salads, soups, and other dishes, and cooked immediately. At this stage, cilantro is not stored.
- Storage. This stage continues until the flower stalks are formed.
- Growing skills (for pickling and preserving vegetables, etc.) – from the formation of the pedicel to the creamy maturity of the seeds.
- Planting of seeds – after the plant is fully matured.
In terms of time, it looks like this.
- planting of cilantro from 35-50 days after sowing (provided that the seeds are defatted and soaked).
- 60-80 days for planting techniques.
- seeds 90-120 days.
All terms are, of course, indicative. The real harvest should start when the organisms are mature.
HOW DO YOU KNOW THAT CILANTRO IS READY TO BE HARVESTED?
Biological signs should follow the following points.
- Seedlings of cilantro can be planted and cut from the moment of appearance of 5-7 pairs of true leaves. However, it is better to cut one or two leaves per plant at this stage.
- Cilantro is harvested in large quantities when the plants are 15cm (5.9inch) high or more for late varieties with a height of 20-25cm (7.87-9.84inch).
- Here the whole plant can be cut. Harvesting for seed saving – when at least 2/3 of the umbels turn yellow.
Cilantro harvested at the weed stage is also for self-consumption, and there will be extra plants when we weeding it. It is not a marketable vegetable, but it is good for salads or soups.
WHAT IF I MISS THE DEADLINE?
- If the harvest date is missed, the following consequences may occur: Cilantro will “overgrow” and begin to wilt. The planting will lose its marketable look.
- Cilantro will wilt completely. Dried cilantro stems can also be used – but they are many times less useful than live cilantro.
- Overgrown cilantro will be more difficult to prepare for winter.
But in general, the consequences of “overgrown” plantings are less than those of immature plantings. So, if you’re in doubt about whether you should harvest and plant – then let it sit for another 5-7 days.
Which is the right choice – cutting, cutting, or uprooting?
Shrubs and twigs can be pulled for personal purposes, but for mass harvesting or sales, parsley should be done with minimal trauma to the roots.
Only if the greens are planted in the wrong place does it make sense to pull them out by the roots.
CAN I HARVEST MORE THAN ONCE?
This is not only possible but necessary. If the variety is suitable, the green can be removed from it within half a month and a half to two months after germination. Pull the shrub from the roots only if
- it is an early variety, not suitable for a growth period of many months.
- The roots are needed. They are used in traditional medicine and rarely in cooking. If there is no order or no need for rooting, it is best to leave medium and late-maturing varieties in the garden without pulling out the roots.
AT WHAT TIME AND IN WHAT WEATHER IS IT BEST?
- The best time to harvest cilantro: early in the morning, before the dew sleeps and dries.
- In dry weather, before noon, before it starts to dry out.
Best harvested in dry, sunny weather (if you want to use cilantro now), or in cloudy, wet but not rainy weather – if you plan to store the dill dry.
To sell, slice cilantro thinly on dry mornings after the dew has evaporated, but before the sun starts to “fry” the stems. Currently, cilantro is of the highest commercial quality.